25th May 2021 Current Affairs

 


GK Update of twenty fifth May 2021 overlaying the next information headlines: World Thyroid Day, NASA, Sanjeevani Pariyojana, Indian Commonwealth Day, India Biodiversity Award 2021, Mission Oxygen Self-Reliance.

International News

1. UK launches plan for ‘Global Pandemic Radar’

  • The United Kingdom will develop a sophisticated worldwide pathogen surveillance community to determine Covid-19 variants and rising ailments.
  • This Global Pandemic Radar will make sure the early detection of recent variants and rising pathogens, so vaccines and coverings wanted to cease them might be quickly developed.
  • Prime minister Boris Johnson introduced the plans, forward of the Global Health Summit hosted by Italy and the European Union (EU).
  • The radar is anticipated to be totally up and operating with a community of surveillance hubs earlier than the top of 2021, with the intention of considerably enhancing world well being safety going into subsequent yr.
  • WHO will lead an implementation group, supported by world well being charity the Wellcome Trust, to launch the brand new worldwide partnership to determine, observe and share information on new coronavirus variants and monitor vaccine resistance in populations.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • UK Prime Minister:- Boris Johnson;
  • UK Capital: London.

2. IMF proposes $50 billion world vaccination plan

  • The International Monetary Fund has proposed a $50 billion world vaccination plan that might cowl at the least 40 per cent of the worldwide inhabitants by the top of 2021 and at the least 60 per cent by the primary half of 2022.
  • The vaccination goal requires extra upfront grants to Covax, donating surplus doses and free cross-border flows of uncooked supplies and completed vaccines.
  • With sturdy and coordinated motion now and with little by way of financing relative to the outsized advantages the world can durably exit this unprecedented well being and financial disaster, IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva mentioned in her tackle to the G20 Health Summit.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • IMF Headquarters: Washington, D.C. U.S.
  • IMF Managing Director and Chairman: Kristalina Georgieva.
  • IMF Chief Economist: Gita Gopinath.

State News

3. Maharashtra govt launches “Mission Oxygen Self-Reliance”

  • Maharashtra authorities has launched the “Mission Oxygen Self-Reliance” scheme to fulfill the state’s oxygen wants. Special incentives can be given to oxygen-producing industries below this scheme.
  • At current, the state’s oxygen technology capability is 1300 MT per day. Units arrange in Vidarbha, Marathwada, Dhule, Nandurbar, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg areas can be eligible for incentives as much as 150 per cent of their eligible fastened capital investments and items arrange in the remainder of Maharashtra can be eligible for as much as 100 per cent normal incentives.
  • The authorities will even give a refund on gross SGST, stamp responsibility, electrical energy responsibility and unit subsidy of energy value for 5 years and curiosity subsidy for MSME items with a hard and fast capital funding of as much as Rs 50 crore.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • Maharashtra Governor: Bhagat Singh Koshyari.
  • Maharashtra Capital: Mumbai.
  • Maharashtra CM: Uddhav Thackeray.

4. Haryana govt launches ‘Sanjeevani Pariyojana’ to deal with COVID sufferers at dwelling

  • Haryana authorities has launched an anti-Covid “Sanjeevani Pariyojana”, which is able to present supervised and fast medical care at dwelling for individuals, with gentle to reasonable signs of Covid-19, residing in rural areas.
  • This Pariyojana has been launched to increase medical care in rural areas the place consciousness concerning the second wave of Covid-19 and associated remedy stays low. It is a vital step of bringing medical look after the individuals who want it most and once they want it most.
  • The scope of medical recommendation can be expanded past certified docs as it’s going to mobilize 200 last yr and pre-final yr medical college students and interns by connecting them to consultants and specialists.
  • The initiative contains an Integrated Command and Control Centre to handle essential sources comparable to ambulance monitoring, oxygen provide, hospital beds availability, moreover, door-to-door consciousness marketing campaign.
  • Thus, it’s going to assist the district administration in retaining a hen’s eye view of the whole healthcare system.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • Haryana Capital: Chandigarh.
  • Haryana Governor: Satyadev Narayan Arya.
  • Haryana Chief Minister: Manohar Lal Khattar.

5. Uttarakhand CM declared Vatsalya Yojana for kids orphaned on account of Corona

  • Uttarakhand Chief Minister Tirath Singh Rawat has introduced Chief Minister Vatsalya Yojana for orphaned youngsters who’ve misplaced their dad and mom on account of Covid-19.
  • Under the scheme, the State Government will make preparations for his or her upkeep, training and coaching for employment as much as the age of 21 years.
  • The Chief Minister mentioned that such orphaned youngsters of the state can be given a upkeep allowance of 3000 rupees per 30 days.
  • The state authorities will make legal guidelines for the paternal property of those orphans during which nobody may have the fitting to promote their paternal property till they’re adults. This accountability can be with the District Magistrate of the involved district.
  • The Chief Minister additionally mentioned that the youngsters whose dad and mom have died on account of Covid-19 can be given 5 per cent horizontal reservation in authorities jobs of the state authorities.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • Chief Minister of Uttarakhand: Tirath Singh Rawat;
  • Governor of Uttarakhand: Baby Rani Maurya.

Awards News

6. Kerala’s Shaji N.M. wins India Biodiversity Award 2021

 

  • Shaji N.M., fondly known as as ‘Tuber Man’ of Kerala has been awarded the India Biodiversity Award 2021 within the particular person class of ‘Conservation of domesticated species’.
  • The award, carrying ₹2 lakh money prize and quotation, was declared through the International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) 2021.
  • Shaji, who conserves a big selection of round 200 tuber crops together with larger yam, lesser yam, elephant foot yam, arrowroot, colocasia, candy potato, cassava and Chinese potato in his farm has obtained State awards seven instances for his efforts.
  • He has additionally obtained the Plant Genome Savior Reward 2015, instituted by PPV&FR Authority, New Delhi.

Science and Technology News

7. NASA to ship its first cellular robotic to seek for water on the moon

  • The United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration is planning to seek for water and different sources on the moon in 2023.
  • The US company, as a part of its Artemis program, is planning to ship its first cellular robotic to the Moon in late 2023 looking for ice and different sources on and beneath the lunar floor.
  • The Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover, or VIPER will accumulate information that might assist NASA map sources on the lunar South Pole that might sooner or later be harvested for long-term human exploration on the Moon.
  • The information obtained from VIPER has the potential to assist our scientists in figuring out exact places and concentrations of ice on the Moon and can assist us consider the setting and potential sources on the lunar south pole in preparation for Artemis astronauts.
  • VIPER runs on solar energy. It can be required to rapidly manoeuvre across the excessive swings in gentle and darkish on the lunar South Pole.
  • NASA has awarded a process order to Astrobotic for VIPER’s launch, transit and supply to the lunar floor as a part of the company’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) initiative.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • 14th NASA administrator: Bill Nelson;
  • Headquarters of NASA: Washington D.C., United States;
  • NASA Founded: 1 October 1958.

Important Days

8. World Thyroid Day celebrated on 25 May

  • World Thyroid Day is noticed globally on 25 May yearly. The most important objective of the WTD is to conscious of the significance of Thyroid and the prevention and remedy of thyroid ailments.
  • This day is established in 2008 as part of the marketing campaign led by the European Thyroid Association (ETA) and the American Thyroid Association (ATA) adopted by the Latin American Thyroid Society (LATS) and Asia Oceania Thyroid Association (AOTA) to commemorate the sufferers with Thyroid ailments and docs and physicians who deal with them.
  • The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland within the throat that produces T3 (Thyroxine) and T4 (Triiodothyronine) and maintained by the Thyroid-stimulating hormone(TSH). It regulates the metabolism of the physique and abnormalities on this could trigger dysfunctioning physique techniques.

9. International Missing Children’s Day: 25 May

  • International Missing Children’s Day is noticed globally on twenty fifth May yearly. This day is noticed for lacking youngsters who’ve discovered their means dwelling, keep in mind these which might be victims of crime, and proceed efforts to hunt out these which might be nonetheless lacking.
  • 25 May is now extensively known as Missing Children’s Day, with the forget-me-not flower as its emblem.
  • The day was proclaimed in 1983, by U.S. President Ronald Reagan. In 2001, 25 May was the primary formally acknowledged as International Missing Children’s Day (IMCD), to a joint effort on the a part of the International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children (ICMEC), Missing Children Europe and due to this fact the European Commission.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  •  ICMEC Headquarters: Alexandria, Virginia, US; Chairman of ICMEC: Dr Franz B. Humer.

10. Indian Commonwealth Day: twenty fourth May

  • Commonwealth Day is widely known on the second Monday within the month of March yearly. However, in India, one other Commonwealth Day can also be celebrated on May 24.
  • Also often known as Empire Day, Commonwealth Day commemorates the formation of the British Empire in India and different colonies of Britain.
  • This yr the theme for Commonwealth Day is: Delivering a Common Future. The intention of this theme is to spotlight how the 54 Commonwealth nations are innovating, connecting and remodeling to assist obtain important objectives like tackling local weather change, selling good governance, attaining gender equality.
  • It was not till after the demise of Queen Victoria, who handed away on January 22, 1901, that Empire Day was first celebrated. The first Empire Day was celebrated on May 24, 1902, which was the Queen’s birthday. Many faculties throughout the British Empire had been celebrating it even earlier than it was formally recognised as an annual occasion.

Obituaries News

11. China’s ‘father of hybrid rice’ Yuan Longping passes away

  • Chinese scientist Yuan Longping, famend for creating a hybrid rice pressure that vastly improved the grain output within the nation, handed away on the age of 91.
  • Yuan succeeded in cultivating a high-yield hybrid rice pressure in 1973, which was later grown on a big scale in China and different nations to considerably elevate output.

Miscellaneous News

12. World’s largest iceberg breaks off from Antarctica

  • European Space Agency (ESA) has confirmed utilizing satellite tv for pc photos that the world’s largest iceberg has damaged off Antarctica.
  • Named as A-76, the iceberg was 4320 sq. kilometres in measurement, which is half the dimensions of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • The finger-shaped iceberg broke off from the Ronne Ice shelf, an enormous ice shelf that encompasses an space of greater than 400,000 sq. km. The photos had been captured by Copernicus Sentinel-1.
  • The Copernicus Sentinel spacecraft is the primary ESA Earth Observation spacecraft to implement communications safety on the command hyperlink.

13. Indian-Origin Anvee Bhutani Elected as Oxford Student Union President

  • An Indian-origin Human Sciences scholar from Magdalen College on the University of Oxford has been declared the winner on the finish of a Student Union (SU) byelection.
  • Anvee Bhutani, Co-Chair Campaign for Racial Awareness and Equality (CRAE) at Oxford SU and President of the Oxford India Society, was within the fray for the by-election for the 2021-22 educational years, which attracted a file turnout.

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