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20th & 21st June 2021 Current Affairs

 


GK Update of Twentieth and Twenty first June 2021 overlaying the next information headlines: World Refugee Day, International Day of Yoga, Ease of Living Index, 2021 French Grand Prix, Sustainable Development Report 2021.

International News

1. Ebrahim Raisi wins Iran’s 2021 Presidential Election

  • Ebrahim Raisi has gained the 2021 Iranian presidential election, profitable 62 per cent of the vote with about 90 per cent of ballots counted.
  • The 60-year-old Raisi will succeed Hassan Rouhani in August 2021, to start his four-year time period. He can be the Chief Justice of Iran since March 2019.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams: 

  • Iran Capital: Tehran;
  • Iran Currency: Iranian Toman.

Appointments News

2. Montek Ahluwalia named member of World Bank-IMF High Advisory Group

  • Former Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission, Montek Singh Ahluwalia was named a member of a high-level Advisory Group fashioned by the World Bank and IMF.
  • The group might be collectively led by Mari Pangestu, Ceyla Pazarbasioglu and Lord Nicholas Stern. The group was fashioned by the World Bank and IMF within the face of the twin disaster posed by the Covid-19 pandemic and local weather change.
  • Mari Pangestu is Managing Director for Development Policy and Partnerships, World Bank. Ceyla Pazarbasioglu is Director, Strategy, Policy and Review Department, International Monetary Fund. The group can even embody Gita Gopinath. Gita Gopinath as an Economic Counsellor and Director of the Research Department on the IMF.

Economy News

3. PAN to be declared ‘INOPERATIVE’ if not linked earlier than June 30, 2021

  • The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) had lately prolonged the deadline to hyperlink Permanent Account Number (PAN) with Aadhaar quantity to June 30, 2021, because of the difficulties posed by the continued Covid pandemic. So now because the deadline is quick approaching, listed below are some pointers which have to be stored in thoughts.
  • As per the brand new Section 234H of the Income-tax Act 1961, which has been lately launched throughout Budget 2021, the PAN playing cards which aren’t linked to Aadhaar after June 30, 2021, could be declared “inoperative”, in addition to a penalty of Rs 1,000 may additionally be imposed. On the opposite hand, the particular person might be thought-about as a person with out a PAN card.

Ranks and Reports News

4. Ease of Living Index: Bengaluru ‘most liveable’ metropolis

  • Bengaluru has been named because the most habitable metropolis of India, within the Ease of Living Index 2020, launched by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).
  • The Ease of Living Index 2020 is a part of the report titled State of India’s Environment 2021. Bengaluru is adopted by Chennai, Shimla, Bhubaneshwar, and Mumbai, as the highest 5 finest cities respectively.
  • The report centered on 4 parameters to find out the benefit of residing index rating of every metropolis, that are: high quality of life, financial means, sustainability and residents’ perceptions.
  • Each metropolis was rated out of 100 in all parameters.
  • The Ease of Living Index 2020 is the second version of the index after the primary one was launched in 2018.

5. India ranked 51st when it comes to Money Deposited in Swiss Banks

  • According to ‘Annual Bank Statistics of 2020’ launched by Swiss National Bank (SNB), the Central Bank of Switzerland.
  • India with Swiss Francs (CHF) 2.55 billion (INR 20,706 Crore) has been positioned at 51st place within the checklist of international shoppers’ cash in Swiss Banks throughout 2020. The United Kingdom (UK) topped the checklist with CHF 377 billion, adopted by the US (152 billion).
  • India was forward of nations like New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Hungary, Mauritius, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka when it comes to international shoppers’ cash in Swiss banks.
  • Funds held by Indian people and companies in Swiss banks rose over 2.55 billion Swiss francs (over Rs 20,700 crore) in 2020 marking the best degree in 13 years.
  • The figures stood at a report excessive of almost CHF 6.5 billion in 2006, after which it has been totally on a downward path, aside from just a few years together with in 2011, 2013, and 2017, as per the Swiss National Bank (SNB) knowledge.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams: 

  • Swiss National Bank Chairman of the Governing Board: Thomas J. Jordan;
  • Swiss National Bank Head Offices: Berne, Zurich.

6. India’s Rank a hundred and twentieth in Sustainable Development Report 2021

  • According to the sixth Edition of ‘Sustainable Development Report 2021 (SDR 2021)’ launched by Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), India with a rating of 60.1 has been positioned at a hundred and twentieth rank out of 165 international locations.
  • Finland topped the Index adopted by Sweden & Denmark.
  • For the first time since 2015, all international locations have proven a reversal in progress in reaching Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) because of the COVID-19 pandemic. SDR 2021 has been written by a gaggle of authors led by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, President of the SDSN and has been printed by Cambridge University Press.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams: 

  • Sustainable Development Solutions Network President: Jeffrey Sachs;
  • Sustainable Development Solutions Network Headquarters: Paris, France & New York, USA.

Books and Authors News

7. Amitav Ghosh’s new e book ‘The Nutmeg’s Curse’

  • Jnanpith Awardee and famend writer Amitav Ghosh’s authored a e book titled, ‘The Nutmeg’s Curse: Parables for a Planet in Crisis’. It is printed by John Murray.
  • The e book talks in regards to the historical past of the affect of colonialism on the world at the moment, by the story of the nutmeg.
  • In ‘The Nutmeg’s Curse’, Ghosh discusses that the nutmeg’s journey from its native Banda islands sheds gentle on a widespread colonial mindset of exploitation of human life and the setting, which is current even at the moment. Some of Ghosh’s different notable works embody the Ibis trilogy and ‘The Great Derangement’ amongst others.

8. Naveen Patnaik releases Bishnupada Sethi’s ‘Beyond Here and Other Poems’

  • Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik launched a e book of poems ‘Beyond Here and Other Poems’ written by senior bureaucrat Bishnupada Sethi. It is a group of 61 poems which are a mirrored image of a spectrum of experiences of life, notion of dying and philosophical contemplation.
  • Noted author Haraprasad Das has written the preface. The cowl design of the 161-page e book has been made by eminent artist Gajendra Sahu. Sethi, Principal Secretary within the Information and Public Relations division has written a number of poetry and different books together with ‘My World of Words’ and ‘Beyond Feelings’.

Sports News

9. Max Verstappen wins 2021 French Grand Prix

  • Max Verstappen (Netherlands-Red Bull) has gained the 2021 French Grand Prix. This race is the seventh spherical of the 2021 FIA Formula One World Championship.
  • With this win, Max Verstappen has 131 factors and now leads Lewis Hamilton (119 factors) within the Formula One drivers’ title race, after seven matches. Lewis Hamilton (Britain-Mercedes) stood second and Sergio Perez (Mexico- Red Bull) stood third.

Important Days

10. International Day of Yoga: 21 June

  • United Nations celebrates International Day of Yoga globally on 21 June yearly to boost consciousness worldwide of the various advantages of practising yoga.
  • Yoga is an historical bodily, psychological and religious observe that originated in India. The phrase ‘yoga’ derives from Sanskrit and means to affix or to unite, symbolizing the union of physique and consciousness.
  • Recognizing this vital function of Yoga, this yr’s commemoration of the International Day of Yoga focuses on “Yoga for well-being” – how the observe of Yoga can promote the holistic well being of each particular person.
  • India proposed the draft decision set up the International Day of Yoga and the proposal was endorsed by a report 175 member states. Recognizing its common enchantment, on 11 December 2014, the United Nations proclaimed 21 June because the International Day of Yoga by decision 69/131.

11. International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice

  • International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice is noticed globally on Twenty first June. This day carry consciousness about solstices and equinoxes and their significance for a number of religions and ethnic cultures.
  • The International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly on Twentieth June 2019 inside Resolution A/RES/73/300.

12. World Music Day: Twenty first June

  • World Music Day is noticed globally on Twenty first June yearly. This day is widely known to honour newbie {and professional} musicians.
  • Over 120 international locations rejoice World Music Day by organizing free public concert events in parks, streets, stations, museums and different such public locations. The goal of celebrating World Music Day is to supply free music to everybody, and in addition to encourage newbie musicians to showcase their work to the world.
  • World Music Day was based by France’s Minister of Culture, Jack Lang and in addition Maurice Fleuret, a French composer, music journalist, radio producer, arts administrator, and competition organiser, on the day of the summer season solstice in Paris in 1982.

13. World Refugee Day celebrated on 20 June

  • World Refugee Day is noticed yearly on June 20 to respect and honour the braveness and resilience of refugees the world over.
  • The United Nations observes today to honour the refugees who’ve been pressured outdoors of their houses. The day goals to construct understanding and empathy for refugees constructing their lives in international locations new to them.
  • This yr the theme for World Refugee Day is ‘Together we heal, learn and shine’. The United Nations has said that the coronavirus illness (Covid-19) pandemic has made it evident that we are able to solely succeed by standing collectively. The UN has known as for the higher inclusion of refugees within the healthcare system the world over.

Obituaries News

14. DPIIT Secretary Guruprasad Mohapatra Passes Away

  • Guruprasad Mohapatra, the Secretary within the Department of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), has handed away on account of COVID-19 associated problems.
  • Before being appointed as DPIIT secretary in August 2019, Mohapatra served as Chairman of the Airports Authority of India (AAI). He was a Gujarat cadre 1986 batch IAS officer, who had earlier served as joint secretary within the Department of Commerce.

Miscellaneous News

15. World’s Third-Largest Diamond Unearthed in Botswana

  • 1,098-carat diamond has been found in Botswana, by Debswana Diamond Company, a three way partnership between the federal government of Botswana and the South African diamond firm De Beers.
  • The newly found diamond is believed to be the third-largest gem-quality stone ever to be mined on the planet. The stone has been offered by Debswana Diamond Company to the President of Botswana, Mokgweetsi Masisi.
  • The largest diamond to be recovered so far is 3,106 carat Cullinan stone in South Africa in 1905, adopted by the 1,109 carats Lesedi La Rona unearthed by Lucara Diamonds in Botswana in 2015.

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