18th & 19th July 2021 Current Affairs

18th & 19th July 2021 Current Affairs

GK Update of 18th and nineteenth July July 2021 protecting the next information headlines: Nelson Mandela International Day, British Grand Prix, UNDP Equator Prize, Muhammad Yunus, Cannes Film Festival 2021, Google Cloud.

International News

1. US, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan to kind new quad grouping

  • The US, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan have agreed in precept to determine a brand new quadrilateral diplomatic platform centered on enhancing regional connectivity.
  • The events contemplate long-term peace and stability in Afghanistan important to regional connectivity and agree that peace and regional connectivity are mutually reinforcing.
  • Afghanistan’s strategic location has for a very long time been touted as a aggressive benefit for the nation. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north, and China to the northeast.

States News

2. Haryana to introduce ‘One Block, One Product’ scheme

  • The Haryana authorities will quickly introduce the ‘One Block, One Product’ scheme, to encourage and promote small industries within the rural areas.
  • Under the scheme, the state authorities plans to attach each block of the state with some industrial imaginative and prescient and the federal government is working expeditiously on this scheme.
  • Arrangements for widespread providers, lab testing, packaging, transportation, accountancy can be arrange within the cluster itself. Haryana’s ‘One District, One Product’ Scheme which is being applied beneath MSME, has come up as a mannequin throughout the nation.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • Haryana Capital: Chandigarh;
  • Haryana Governor: Bandaru Dattatraya;
  • Haryana Chief Minister: Manohar Lal Khattar.

3. India’s first monk fruit cultivation train begins in HP’s Kullu

  • The ‘monk fruit’ from China, which is thought for its properties as a non-caloric pure sweetener, was launched for subject trials in Himachal Pradesh by the Palampur-based Council of Scientific Research and Industrial Technology Institute of Himalayan Bio-resource Technology (CSIR-IHBT) in Kullu.
  • The subject trials have begun three years after the CSIR-IHBT imported its seeds from China and grew it in the home.
  • Fifty seedlings had been planted within the fields of progressive farmer Manav Khullar from Raison village for subject trials and CSIR-IHBT signed a ‘Material Transfer Agreement’ with Manav.
  • The financial advantages of the brand new crop are estimated to be between Rs 3 lakh to Rs 3.5 lakh per hectare. The plant prefers mountainous space with an annual imply temperature of about 16–20 °C and humid situations.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • Himachal Pradesh Governor: Bandaru Dattatreya;
  • Himachal Pradesh CM: Jai Ram Thakur.

Appointments News

4. IOA names B K Sinha as Press Attache of India’s Olympic contingent

  • Indian Olympic Association has appointed retired IPS officer B K Sinha will carry out the twin function of Security in addition to Press Attache of the nation’s contingent on the Tokyo Games, which begins on July 23.
  • Sinha is a former Haryana DGP and likewise a recipient of the President’s Police Medal.
  • India can be represented by a 228-strong contingent, together with 119 athletes, on the Tokyo Olympics, being held beneath strict well being protocols sans spectators within the wake of the raging COVID-19 pandemic.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • Indian Olympic Association President: Narayana Ramachandran;
  • Indian Olympic Association Founded: 1927.

Business News

5. Microsoft acquires cybersecurity agency RiskIQ for $500M

  • Microsoft has reached a deal to accumulate RiskIQ, a San Francisco-based supplier of cybersecurity providers, together with malware and adware monitoring and cell app safety.
  • RiskIQ’s providers and options will be a part of Microsoft’s suite of cloud-native safety merchandise, together with Microsoft 365 Defender, Microsoft Azure Defender, and Microsoft Azure Sentinel.
  • While Microsoft hasn’t valued the deal, Bloomberg reported that the corporate is claimed to be paying greater than $500 million for RiskIQ. 

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • Microsoft CEO and Chairman: Satya Nadella;
  • Microsoft Headquarters: Redmond, Washington, United States.

Ranks and Reports News

6. 35% of India’s tiger ranges are exterior protected areas

  • Thirty-five per cent of India’s tiger ranges are exterior protected areas and human-animal battle impacts over 75 per cent of the world’s wild cat species, in line with a WWF-UNEP report.
  • The report “A Future for All – A necessity for Human-Wildlife Coexistence”, examined rising human-wildlife battle, and has found that marine and terrestrial protected areas solely cowl 9.67 per cent globally.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • World Wide Fund for Nature, Headquarters: Gland, Switzerland;
  • UNEP HQ: Nairobi, Kenya.

Science and Technology News

7. IIT-Madras develops AI algorithm known as ‘NBDriver’

  • Indian Institute of Technology Madras Researchers has developed an Artificial Intelligence-based Mathematical Model known as ‘NBDriver’ to establish cancer-causing alterations in cells.
  • The algorithm makes use of a comparatively unexplored strategy of leveraging DNA composition to pinpoint genetic alterations accountable for most cancers development, which is tough utilizing current methodologies.
  • Understanding the underlying mechanism of those alterations will assist establish probably the most acceptable remedy technique for a affected person in an strategy often called ‘precision oncology’.

8. Google Cloud launches second ‘Cloud Region’ in India

  • Google Cloud has introduced the launch of its new Cloud Region in Delhi NCR, for patrons and the general public sector in India and throughout the Asia Pacific.
  • With the brand new area, the shoppers working within the nation will profit from decrease latency and better efficiency of their cloud-based workloads and knowledge.
  • This new Google Cloud area is the second such in India after Mumbai and the tenth in Asia-Pacific.
  • As the second cloud area, prospects are anticipated to profit from improved enterprise continuity planning, whereas sustaining knowledge sovereignty. Totally, 26 Google Cloud areas are current the world over.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • Google CEO: Sundar Pichai.
  • Google Founded: 4 September 1998, California, United States.
  • Google Founders: Larry Page, Sergey Brin.

Awards News

9. Cannes Film Festival 2021 winners checklist introduced

  • The Cannes Film Festival 2021 concluded on 17 July 2021. The jury, presided by Spike Lee, offered the awards on the Closing Ceremony. Julia Ducournau received the Cannes’ high prize, the Palme d’Or, for her movie Titane, making her the second lady ever to win the award.
  • The first was Jane Campion in 1993. This yr’s Cannes had a variety of movies, from Wes Anderson The French Dispatch to Julia Ducournau’s Titane, and Leos Carax’ Annette. Jodie Foster and Marco Bellocchio received the Honorary Palme d’Or.

10. Bangladesh Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus to get Olympic Laurel

  • Bangladeshi Nobel Peace Prize winner, Muhammad Yunus will obtain the Olympic Laurel on the Tokyo Games, the second time the trophy can be awarded.
  • Yunus, whose pioneering micro-lender has been hailed for reducing poverty throughout the globe, can be honoured for “his in depth work in sport for improvement. The 81-year-old economist-turned-globe-trotting superstar speaker received the Nobel in 2006.
  • He can be given the award on the Tokyo 2020 opening ceremony on July 23. The Olympic Laurel was created 5 years in the past to recognise endeavours in tradition, training, peace and improvement via sport.
  • It was given for the primary time on the 2016 Rio Games to Kenyan former Olympian Kip Keino, who opened a youngsters’s house, a college and an athletes’ coaching centre in his house nation.

11. India’s Payal Kapadia wins greatest documentary award in Cannes 2021

  • Director Payal Kapadia’s, “A Night of Knowing Nothing” received the Oeil d’or (Golden Eye) award for greatest documentary on the 74th Cannes Film Festival.
  • The Mumbai-based filmmaker’s first characteristic bagged the celebrated prize in a formidable subject made up of 28 documentaries offered throughout numerous sections of the competition. A Night of Knowing Nothing screened as a part of the Directors’ Fortnight, a piece that runs parallel to the competition.
  • The award was instituted in 2015 by LaScam (the French-Speaking Writers’ Society) and Bertuccelli in collaboration with the Cannes Film Festival and its normal delegate Thierry Fremaux.

12. 2-Indian organisations win UNDP Equator Prize 2021

  • Aadhimalai Pazhangudiyinar Producer Company Limited and Snehakunja Trust are among the many 10 awardees of the celebrated Equator Prize 2021 for his or her work within the subject of conservation and biodiversity.
  • The UNDP provides a biennial award to acknowledge neighborhood efforts to scale back poverty via the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
  • Aadhimalai Pazhangudiyinar Producer Company Limited is a 1,700-member cooperative, managed and run fully by indigenous individuals from the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in Tamil Nadu and its work previously eight years has improved livelihood throughout 147 villages by processing and advertising a various vary of forest produce and crops.
  • Snehakunja Trust has protected delicate wetland and coastal ecosystems within the Western Ghats and the Karnataka coast for 45 years with a give attention to community-based restoration and conservation.

Books and Authors News

13. A brand new e book titled ‘The India Story’ by Bimal Jalan

  • Former RBI governor Bimal Jalan writes a brand new e book titled ‘The India Story’. The e book focuses on India’s financial historical past and goals to offer classes for the way forward for India’s political financial system.
  • He traces India’s financial insurance policies from 1991 to 2019 to supply insights on studying from the previous, earlier than shifting ‘Beyond the Metrics of Economy’ to speak concerning the function of governance in implementing these insurance policies. He additionally authored the books ‘India Then and Now’, ‘India Ahead’.

Sports News

14. Lewis Hamilton wins British Grand Prix 2021

  • Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes-Great Britain), received the British Grand Prix 2021, for a record-extending eighth time. The occasion was held on July 18, 2021, on the Silverstone Circuit within the United Kingdom.
  • This is the 99th profession win of seven instances world champion Hamilton and the fourth win of the present season after 10 races. Monaco based mostly Charles Leclerc (Ferrari) stood second. Hamilton’s teammate Valtteri Bottas from Finland, completed third.

Important Days

15. Nelson Mandela International Day celebrated on 18 July

  • The United Nations observes 18 July yearly as Nelson Mandela International Day. The day acknowledges Nelson Mandela’s contribution to the wrestle for democracy internationally and the promotion of a tradition of peace all through the world.
  • Nelson Mandela Day is an event for all to take motion and encourage change. On 18 July 2009, the primary Mandela Day was noticed in New York. The United Nations General Assembly adopted a decision on 10 November 2009 declaring 18 July as “Nelson Mandela International Day”.
  • This day marks his contribution to peace via his lively involvement in resolving conflicts, selling human rights, worldwide democracy and reconciliation and addressing racial points.

Miscellaneous News

16. HC of J&K and Ladakh renamed as ‘High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh

  • The ‘Common High Court for the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh’ has been formally renamed because the ‘High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.’
  • The order was notified by the Union Ministry of Law and Justice, Department of Justice.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind has signed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Removal of Difficulties) Order, 2021 to impact the change, within the train of the powers conferred Section 103 (1) of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019.

Important takeaways for all aggressive exams:

  • Lieutenant Governor of Union Territory of J&K: Manoj Sinha;
  • Lieutenant Governor of Ladakh: Radha Krishna Mathur.

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