Union Budget 2021-22 is being introduced by FM Nirmala Sitharaman



Union Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman is presenting the Union Budget 2021 for the third time in a row. The Union Budget is the yearly monetary report estimating the revenue and expenditure introduced to stipulate future insurance policies to be adopted by the federal government for sustainable progress and growth. The Economic Survey 2020-21 was launched on twenty ninth January 2021 by the Chief Economic Advisor of India, Krishnamurthy Subramanian. According to the survey, India’s economic system might contract 7.7 per cent within the monetary yr that ends on March 31.

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Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman concluded her Budget speech at 12.50 pm. In February 2020, FM Nirmala Sitharaman spoke for a report 162 minutes — two hours and 42 minutes — in Lok Sabha. FM Sitharaman solely had two pages of her Budget speech unread, when she appeared uneasy and her Budget speech was lower brief.

Here are the important thing highlights from the Union Budget 2021-22:

  • Total COVID-19 help measures quantity to 13 per cent of GDP and complete COVID-19 help measures by authorities and RBI quantities to Rs 27.1 lakh crore. The ‘Aatmanirbhar’ Packages accelerated India’s charge of reform.
  • India has two COVID-19 vaccines obtainable and we count on two extra vaccines quickly. India at present additionally has one of many lowest demise charge and lively instances on this planet. India’s financial contraction is because of a world pandemic. The authorities is totally ready to help and facilitate financial reset.
  • Three occasions has a Budget adopted contraction within the economic system. Vision for Aatmanirbhar Bharat in Part-A of the Budget speech.  ‘Aatmanirbharta’ consists of doubling farm revenue and robust infrastructure. It consists of fine governance and ladies empowerment. Proposals for the FY22 Budget rests on 6 pillars.
  • First of six pillars Aatmanirbhar Yojana along with the National Health Mission introduce the Aatmanirbhar Health Yojana with an outlay of Rs 64,180 crore over six years. This will strengthen the National Centre for Disease Control. Besides this, the federal government can even arrange 15 Health Emergency Centres.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission with an outlay of Rs 2.87 lakh crore to cowl homes and to be carried out over 5 years. Budget 2021 can even launch Mission Poshan 2.0. Besides this, the launch of city ‘Swacch Bharat Mission’ 2.0 with an outlay of Rs 1.42 lakh crore has been made.
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has introduced voluntary automobile scrapping coverage. Vehicles to endure health take a look at – which is 20 years for passenger automobiles and 15 years for business automobiles. Further particulars of the scrappage coverage to be introduced shortly.
  • Fitness testing for each PVs and CVs a constructive transfer to create not solely employment alternatives however a transfer that may guarantee a cleaner surroundings as a part of the Health Infrastructure pillar. This can even enhance demand for extra cleaner automobiles.
  • The authorities has set an formidable goal of constructing infrastructure within the nation. But funding these infrastructure tasks would have posed a steep problem due to the income constraints and the stress on the mortgage books of banks. FM Sitharaman is more likely to announce a devoted growth monetary establishment to facilitate the financing of greenfield infrastructure tasks.
  • Rs 35,000 crore to be allotted for additional funds for COVID-19 vaccines. we’ll present extra for COVID-19 vaccines if required. The non-public sector could also be saved out of vaccination efforts it seems, a disappointment for them. At a blended price of Rs255/dose (within the first section), that may cowl 2 doses of the vaccine for 68.6crore individuals in FY22.
  • Government has dedicated Rs 1.97 lakh crore for Production Linked Incentive Scheme (PLI) masking 13 sectors. Further, 7 textile parks will probably be launched for over three years.
  • National Infrastructure Pipeline has been expanded to 7,400 tasks. Further, tasks value Rs 1.1 lakh crore have been accomplished below the National Infra Pipeline. The authorities can even introduce a invoice to arrange DFI offering Rs 20,000 crore to launch the National Asset Monetisation Pipeline to fund new infra tasks.
  • The FM has introduced {that a} Bill will probably be launched to arrange a DFI or developmental monetary establishment to fund long-term infra tasks with a capital of Rs 20,000 crore.  Rs 5 lakh crore will probably be lent by DFI in three years time.
  • An asset monetisation dashboard will probably be created to offer readability to buyers.  For 2021-22; capital expenditure is seen at Rs 5.54 lakh crore which is up by 34.5 per cent year-on-year (YoY).
  • NHAI has sponsored one InVit to draw buyers. Thus 5 operational roads with Rs 5,000 crore worth being transferred to NHAI InVit. NHAI operational roll roads are to be monetised.
  • Meanwhile, Railways will monetise devoted freight corridors after commissioning. The subsequent lot of airports can even be monetised for operations and administration. AAI airports in tier-2,3 cities and different railway property are to be monetised.
  • Amendment in InvIT and REIT buildings for debt buyers will ease fundraising and can present the momentum to the business actual property asset class.
  • More than 13,000 km of roads awarded below Bharat Mala mission. Around 3,800 km have been constructed in Bharatmala thus far and 8,500 km to be awarded by March 2022. Will full extra 11,000 km of NH hall by March 2022. More financial corridors are being deliberate – 3,500 km of NH works are ongoing in Tamil Nadu.
  • Power transmission property of Rs 7,000 crore is to be transferred to Power Grid InvIT. The Centre can even present Rs 2 lakh crore to states and autonomous our bodies for Capex. We will nudge states for extra capital expenditure. FY22 Capex has targetted at Rs 5.54 lakh crore v/s FY21’s Rs 4.39 lakh crore. The alternate options will probably be labored out so that buyers might select from multiple energy distribution corporations. It’s a constructive for Tata Power.
  • Bloomberg experiences that fiscal deficit will probably be 9.8 per cent of the GDP for FY21 and 6.8 per cent for FY22.
  • The authorities will allot Rs 1.03 lakh crore for National Highway Projects in Tamil Nadu; Rs 65,000 core for National Highway Projects in Kerala; Rs 25,000 crore for National Highway Projects in West Bengal.
  • The Eastern Freight Corridor is to be taken up this yr through PPP mode. Further, three future devoted freight corridors — East Coast, East-west, North-south are in works. These could have an automated system on high-density rail routes to keep away from collisions. Complete, 100% electrification of broad-gauge rail routes will probably be accomplished by December 2023.
  • Proposed to replace the definition of small corporations to be raised as much as rs crore from Rs 50 lakh internet value. 
  • Rs 2,217 crore for 42 city centres with a million-plus inhabitants, to deal with the burgeoning drawback of air air pollution.
  • Supplementary Nutrition Programme and POSHAN Abhiyaan to be merged, Mission POSHAN 2.0 to be launched, To strengthen dietary content material, supply and consequence, Intensified technique for enhancing dietary outcomes in aspirational districts.
  • In Budget 2021, Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has introduced Rs 1.1 lakh crore for Indian Railways.
  • A report Rs 1,10,055 crore has been offered for Indian Railways. Out of the entire, Rs 1,07,100 crore will probably be offered for capital expenditure in 2021-22, says FM Nirmala Sitharaman.
  • The authorities plans to promote a part of its holding in Life Insurance Corporation of India by an preliminary public providing within the coming yr. An modification to the prevailing Act to facilitate the general public supply, says FM Nirmala Sitharaman.
  • The authorities plans to additional strengthen the NCLT framework and proceed with the e-court system for quicker decision of dangerous money owed. A separate framework for MSMSe can even be made by the federal government.
  • Strategic disinvestment of corporations together with BPCL, Air India, Pawan Hans, IDBI Bank, Container Corporation of India to be accomplished in 2021-22, Sitharaman has introduced. The authorities will ask Niti Aayog to begin engaged on figuring out the subsequent checklist of corporations for strategic sale.
  • FM declares additional infusion of Rs 20,000 crore for public sector banks.
  • FDI in insurance coverage sector proposed to be hiked to 74% from 49% now.
  • Rs 1,000 crore to photo voltaic power company and Rs 1,500 to renewable power growth company.
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman declares a brand new fuel pipeline mission for Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Centre to offer Rs 18,000 crore for public buses, declares FM.
  • FM Sitharaman proposes a rise in agriculture credit score goal to Rs 16.5 lakh crore. “The MSP regime has undergone a change to assure price that is at least 1.5 times the cost of production across all commodities. The total amount paid to paddy farmers surged to Rs 1.72 lakh crore in 2020-21.”
  • The authorities has introduced the extension of advantages of the Ujjawala scheme to a further 1 crore individuals. The scheme, which offers LPG connections with monetary help from the central authorities and at present advantages 12 crore households, will probably be prolonged additional to offer clear low cost cooking gasoline.
  • The authorities has introduced an unbiased fuel transport system operator for reserving and coordination to make sure for unbiased allocation of pure fuel transportation capability. The authorities goals to handle issues of bias within the allocation of fuel transportation capability by gamers corresponding to Gail concerned in each the availability and transportation of pure fuel.
  • FM says the definition of small corporations to be revised by elevating the capital base to Rs 2 cr from the present restrict of Rs 50 lakh.
  • FM places disinvestment receipts at Rs 1.75 lakh cr for the fiscal yr starting April 1, 2021. Two PSBs and one normal insurance coverage firm to be divested, legislations amendments to be launched on this session.
  • The authorities has allotted near Rs 3.60 lakh crore within the Budget in direction of launching a “revamped”, reforms-based, result-linked energy distribution sector scheme.
  • National Education Policy received a great reception, FM mentioned. “Over 15,000 faculties to be qualitatively strengthened below the National Education Policy.
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman earmarks Rs 1,500 crore for selling a digital mode of cost.
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman introduced an allocation of Rs 300 crore to the state of Goa for celebrating the sixtieth anniversary of the liberation from Portuguese rule.
  • Social safety advantages to be prolonged to gig and platform staff. Minimum wages will apply to all classes of staff and will probably be coated below ESIC. This will affect round 15 million gig staff in India, along with on-line platform suppliers throughout sectors corresponding to transportation (Uber and Ola), meals supply (Swiggy and Zomato), and the contract staff in IT and software program corporations.
  • FM declares a particular scheme for the welfare of girls and youngsters in Assam and West Bengal. Rs 1,000 crore for Bengal, Assam tea staff.
  • Fiscal deficit estimated at 9.5% of GDP for 2020-21. Fiscal deficit for 2021-22 at 6.8% of GDP.
  • Forthcoming Census may very well be India’s first digital Census, says Sitharaman allocating Rs 3,768 crore for FY-21.
  • Allocation to rural infra growth elevated to Rs 40,000 cr in subsequent fiscal from Rs 30,000 crore in FY21.
  • FM declares growth of 5 main fishing hubs.
  • 1,000 extra mandis will probably be built-in with the digital nationwide market.
  • Central University to be arrange in Leh, Ladakh.
  • Operation inexperienced scheme to cowl 22 extra perishable commodities.
  • Social safety advantages will probably be prolonged to gig and platform staff. Minimum wages will apply to all classes of staff. Women will probably be allowed to work in all classes and in addition in night time shifts with satisfactory safety. To additional lengthen efforts in direction of unorganised labour drive, I suggest to launch a portal to gather related info on gig staff, constructing/development staff amongst others. It’ll assist formulate well being, housing, talent, insurance coverage credit score &meals schemes for migrant staff.
  • Non-resident people with entrepreneurial potential are actually enabled to arrange One Person Companies (OPC) with no paid-up capital and turnover restrictions, decreasing registration timeline from 182 days to120 days. Earlier solely Indian resident residents have been permitted to arrange OPCs. This can be enticing to the Indian Diaspora.
  • In the seventy fifth yr of Independence of our nation, we will scale back the compliance burden on senior residents. For senior residents who solely have a pension and curiosity revenue, I suggest exemption of submitting of revenue tax returns: FM
  • In critical tax evasion instances, solely the place there may be proof of concealment of revenue of Rs 50 lakh or extra in a yr, can reassessment be opened for 10 years. For others, evaluation reopening just for 3 years.
  • NRIs to be spared from double taxation. New guidelines to be notified. Tax audit restrict elevated from Rs 5 crore to Rs 10 crore.
  • Govt proposes organising of a conciliatory mechanism for fast decision of contractual disputes.
  • Govt proposes to introduce the National Nursing and Midwifery Commission Bill.
  • Govt proposes nationwide language translation initiative.
  • Govt proposes deep ocean mission with an outlay of greater than Rs 4,000 cr over 5 years.
  • The authorities has given aid measures for senior residents by eradicating the necessity to file revenue tax returns for these aged over 75 years. It has additionally introduced a halving of the time-frame for reopening of income-tax evaluation instances from 6 years to three years. For reopening of significant tax evasion instances as much as 10 years, the federal government has put in a financial restrict of instances involving over Rs 50 lakh in a yr. This is anticipated to scale back situations of tax harassment of revenue taxpayers.
  • Late deposit of worker’s contribution to PF by employers is not going to be allowed as a deduction to the employer.
  • Tax vacation for start-ups elevated by yet another yr – until March 31, 2022.
  • NRIs allowed working One Person Companies or OPCs in India.
  • Tax exemption for plane leasing firm might lastly see India getting its first participant on this aviation section. Till now, the Indian aviation trade is dominated by lessors from Ireland and Hong Kong.
  • Customs obligation on copper scrap lower to 2.5 per cent. Customs obligation on some auto elements to be raised to 15 per cent.”
  • No deduction to employers for late deposit of worker contribution to Provident Fund.
  • To lengthen eligibility for startups to assert tax vacation by 1 yr.
  • Nifty Metal index drops by almost 2 per cent from its prime as customized duties on metal and copper are diminished.
  • Easing Compliance necessities of Small Companies – Threshold elevated to Share Capital as much as Rs.2 crore and Turnover as much as Rs.20 crore will probably be Small Companies.
  • National Language Translation Mission will probably be set as much as enhance regional languages and translation for our regional audio system. This will phenomenally assist in growing the utilisation of web providers and increase the imaginative and prescient of digital India!.
  • 100 new Sainik #faculties will probably be arrange in partnership with the NGOs, non-public faculties and States.
  • Exemption obligation on metal scrap as much as March 2022; customs obligation on naphtha lower to 2.5 computer: FM
  • Rationalising customs duties on gold and silver says FM in Budget for 2021-22
  • Customs obligation on cotton elevated to 10%, silk to fifteen%
  • Customs obligation on photo voltaic lanterns lower to 5%.
  • The Finance minister shocked taxpayers by not saying any change in revenue tax slab charges. Some aid in submitting ITR for senior residents above 75. No Covid tax, surcharges on revenue tax.

Summary of the Budget 2021-22:

PART-A

The Budget proposals for 2021-2022 relaxation on 6 pillars.

i. Health and Wellbeing
ii. Physical & Financial Capital, and Infrastructure
iii. Inclusive Development for Aspirational India
iv. Reinvigorating Human Capital
v. Innovation and R&D
vi. Minimum Government and Maximum Governance

i. Health and Wellbeing

  • Vaccines
  • Nutrition
  • Universal Coverage of Water Supply and Swachch Bharat Mission

ii. Physical & Financial Capital, and Infrastructure

  • AatmaNirbhar Bharat-Production Linked Incentive Scheme
  • Textiles
  • Infrastructure
  • Infrastructure financing – Development Financial Institution (DFI)
  • Asset Monetisation
  • Roads and Highways Infrastructure
  • Railway Infrastructure
  • Urban Infrastructure
  • Power Infrastructure
  • Ports, Shipping, Waterways
  • Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • Financial Capital
  • Increasing FDI in Insurance Sector
  • Disinvestment and Strategic Sale

iii. Inclusive Development for Aspirational India

  • Agriculture
  • Fisheries
  • Migrant Workers and Labourers
  • Financial Inclusion

iv. Reinvigorating Human Capital

  • Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Welfare
  • Skilling

v. Innovation and R&D

The Finance Minister mentioned that in her Budget Speech of July 2019, She had introduced the National Research Foundation and added that the NRF outlay will probably be of Rs. 50,000 crore, over 5 years. It will be sure that the general analysis ecosystem of the nation is strengthened with give attention to recognized national-priority thrust areas.

vi.  Minimum Government, Maximum Governance

  • Measures being undertaken to carry reforms in Tribunals to make sure speedy justice
  • National Commission for Allied Healthcare Professionals already launched to make sure clear and environment friendly regulation of the 56 allied healthcare professions
  • The National Nursing and Midwifery Commission Bill launched for a similar in nursing career
  • Proposed Conciliation Mechanism with mandate for fast decision of contractual disputes with CPSEs
  • Rs. 3,768 crore allotted for first digital census within the historical past of India
  • Rs. 300 crore grant to the Government of Goa for the diamond jubilee celebrations of the state’s liberation from Portuguese
  • Rs. 1,000 crore for the welfare of Tea staff particularly ladies and their kids in Assam and West Bengal by a particular scheme

Fifteenth Finance Commission:

  • The last report masking 2021-26 was submitted to the President, retaining vertical shares of states at 41%
  • Funds to UTs of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh can be offered by Centre
  • On the Commission’s advice, Rs. 1,18,452 crore have been offered as Revenue Deficit Grant to 17 states in 2021-22, as in opposition to  Rs. 74,340 crore to 14 states in 2020-21

Part-B

  1. Direct Taxes

Achievements:

  • Corporate tax charge slashed to make it among the many lowest on this planet
  • Burden of taxation on small taxpayers eased by growing rebates
  • Return filers nearly doubled to 6.48 crore in 2020 from 3.31 crore in 2014
  • Faceless Assessment and Faceless Appeal launched

Relief to Senior Citizens:

Exemption from submitting tax returns for senior residents over 75 years of age and having solely pension and curiosity revenue; tax to be deducted by paying financial institution

Reducing Disputes, Simplifying Settlement:

  • Time restrict for re-opening instances diminished to 3 years from 6 years
  • Serious tax evasion instances, with proof of concealment of revenue of Rs. 50 lakh or extra in a yr, to be re-opened solely as much as 10 years, with approval of the Principal Chief Commissioner
  • Dispute Resolution Committee to be arrange for taxpayers with taxable revenue as much as Rs. 50 lakh and disputed revenue as much as Rs. 10 lakh
  • National Faceless Income Tax Appellate Tribunal Centre to be established
  • Over 1 lakh taxpayers opted to settle tax disputes of over Rs. 85,000 crore by Vivad Se Vishwas Scheme till 30th January 2021

Relaxation to NRIs:

  • Rules to be notified for eradicating hardships confronted by NRIs concerning their overseas retirement accounts

Incentivising Digital Economy:

  • Limit of turnover for tax audit elevated to Rs. 10 crore from Rs. 5 crore for entities finishing up 95% transactions digitally

Relief for Dividend:

  • Dividend cost to REIT/ InvIT exempt from TDS
  • Advance tax legal responsibility on dividend revenue solely after declaration/ cost of dividend
  • Deduction of tax on dividend revenue at decrease treaty charge for Foreign Portfolio Investors

Attracting Foreign Investment for Infrastructure:

  • Infrastructure Debt Funds made eligible to lift funds by issuing Zero-Coupon Bonds
  • Relaxation of some circumstances regarding prohibition on non-public funding, restriction on business actions, and direct funding

Supporting ‘Housing for All’:

  • Additional deduction of curiosity, as much as Rs. 1.5 lakh, for mortgage taken to purchase an reasonably priced home prolonged for loans taken until March 2022
  • Tax vacation for Affordable Housing tasks prolonged until March 2022
  • Tax exemption allowed for notified Affordable Rental Housing Projects

Tax incentives to IFSC in GIFT City:

  • Tax vacation for capital features from incomes of plane leasing corporations
  • Tax exemptions for plane lease leases paid to overseas lessors
  • Tax incentive for relocating overseas funds within the IFSC
  • Tax exemption to funding division of overseas banks situated in IFSC

Ease of Filing Taxes:

  • Details of capital features from listed securities, dividend revenue, curiosity from banks, and so forth. to be pre-filled in returns

Relief to Small Trusts:

  • Exemption restrict of annual receipt revised from ₹1 crore to ₹5 crore for small  charitable trusts operating faculties and hospitals

Labour Welfare:

  • Late deposit of worker’s contribution by the employer to not be allowed as deduction to the employer
  • Eligibility for tax vacation declare for start-ups prolonged by yet another yr
  • Capital features exemption for funding in start-ups prolonged until 31st March, 2022
  1. Indirect Taxes

GST: Measures have been taken to this point:

  • Nil return by SMS
  • A quarterly return and month-to-month cost for small taxpayers
  • Electronic bill system
  • The validated enter tax assertion
  • Pre-filled editable GST return
  • Staggering of returns submitting
  • Enhancement of capability of GSTN system
  • Use of deep analytics and AI to determine tax evaders

Custom Duty Rationalization:

  • Twin targets: Promoting home manufacturing and serving to India get onto international worth chain and export higher
  • 80 outdated exemptions already eradicated
  • Revised, distortion-free customs obligation construction to be put in place from 1st October 2021 by reviewing greater than 400 previous exemptions
  • New customs obligation exemptions to have validity as much as the 31st March following two years from its subject date

Electronic and Mobile Phone Industry:

  • Some exemptions on elements of chargers and sub-parts of mobiles withdrawn
  • Duty on some elements of mobiles revised to 2.5% from ‘nil’ charge

Iron and Steel:

  • Customs obligation diminished uniformly to 7.5% on semis, flat, and lengthy merchandise of non-alloy, alloy, and stainless steels
  • Duty on metal scrap exempted as much as 31st March, 2022
  • Anti-Dumping Duty (ADD) and Counter-Veiling Duty (CVD) revoked on sure metal merchandise
  • Duty on copper scrap diminished from 5% to 2.5%

Textiles:

  • Basic Customs Duty (BCD) on caprolactam, nylon chips and nylon fiber & yarn diminished to five%

Chemicals:

  • Calibrated customs obligation charges on chemical compounds to encourage home worth addition and to take away inversions
  • Duty on Naptha diminished to 2.5%

Gold and Silver:

  • Custom obligation on gold and silver to be rationalized

Renewable Energy:

  • Phased manufacturing plan for photo voltaic cells and photo voltaic panels to be notified
  • Duty on photo voltaic invertors raised from 5% to 20%, and on photo voltaic lanterns from 5% to 15% to encourage home manufacturing

Capital Equipment:

  • Tunnel boring machine to now appeal to a customs obligation of seven.5%; and its elements an obligation of two.5%
  • Duty on sure auto elements elevated to normal charge of 15%

MSME Products:

  • Duty on metal screws and plastic builder wares elevated to fifteen%
  • Prawn feed to draw customs obligation of 15% from earlier charge of 5%
  • Exemption on import of duty-free gadgets rationalized to incentivize exporters of clothes, leather-based, and handicraft gadgets
  • Exemption on imports of sure form of leathers withdrawn
  • Customs obligation on completed artificial gem stones raised to encourage home processing

Agriculture Products:

  • Customs obligation on cotton elevated from nil to 10% and on uncooked silk and silk yarn from 10% to fifteen%.
  • Withdrawal of end-use primarily based concession on denatured ethyl alcohol
  • Agriculture Infrastructure and Development Cess (AIDC) on a small variety of gadgets

Rationalization of Procedures and Easing of Compliance:

  • Turant Customs initiative, a Faceless, Paperless, and Contactless Customs measures
  • New process for administration of Rules of Origin


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